‘Vaccines antha bogus ra…’ nunchi ‘Covaxin better ah Covishield better ah?’, tarvatha mana doctors friends ni vaccination chepincha mani messages calls tho champeyadam! We have finally understood that there’s only one way out of this pandemic- MASS VACCINATION.
Vaccination cheyatam valla covid-19 kantey enno times ekkuva severity unna diseases, mana generation ki idea kuda leni enno diseases, world ninchi sucessful ga eliminate ayyay. Enno years research chesi, strategy chesi, implement chesi, oka disease ni tharimi kottadam is NOT an easy task.
So, here are some of the diseases India successfully eliminated by its mass Vaccination drives.
- SMALL POX:
Mana parents generation lo minimum 5-6 kids undevallu intlo. Ever wondered why? Yes, family planning awarness lekapovatam is one part, the other is they were afraid of small pox. Maximum houses lo 1 or 2 kids would die with small pox by reaching age 3. It was succesfully eradiciated in India in 1977 while the first cases appeared in 1806 in Bombay. Such a long struggle right?
‘1857 ninchi struggle chesthey 1947 lo freedom ochindi’ annatlu. Polio is one of the longest battles in Infectious diseases of India. 1948 lo ICMR lo oka chinna unit ga start ayyi, tarvatha 1964 lo Vellore, Tamil Nadu lo second unit start chesi, years and years of research and development with just a fraction of funding, final ga 1983 lo Vellore town mottani oka test run ga mass vaccination chesi aa next year lo no new cases ga declare chesaru. Thus, it became the first town to be polio free. Ala Oral Polio vaccine (Polio Drops) prathi kid ki icchi, recent ga 2014 lo WHO declared India as Polio-free. This Program is regarded as one of the crucial step in Public health and vaccination policy in India. It is the largest vaccination drive that was ever carried out in the country. Maybe Covid-19 vaccination will break that record soon.
India had about 0.2 million cases in 1952-64 in present day areas of Andhra, Odhisa, Maharastra. This disease effects bones and skin and spreads through skin contact. It was mainly occuring in children less than 24 months where severity was high. Soon the cases surged and by 1995 about 1.5 million kids were reported to have affected with YAWS. So, in 1996 Union government launched a pilot project to eradicate YAWS, and soon it was implemented in Andhra Pradesh and soon to all other 72 districts in the country that had cases. The vaccine was- Penicillin. The last case was reported in 2003 in Odhisa and Union Government formally declared victory over YAWS in 2006.
From a Vaccine seeker from WHO and UNICEF in the early years of Independence to Vaccine exporter to the same WHO, we have come a long way. Yet, new challenges in the field of Public Health and Immunizations continue to strike. So, lets all thank each and every one who were involved in this massive programmes, from the Prime Ministers, Health Ministers, Government officers, Nurses, Doctors, the Anganwadi Workers to even the parents who felt responsible to immunize their children.
Let’s be responsible again and get our vaccine!
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