It has been four years since the NDA Alliance aka BJP government, led by Mr. Narendra Modi has come into power at the centre and we as public have overseen many changes in life in these 36 months which were as a direct effect of the decisions taken by the Modi-led government. So let’s take a look at some of the biggest reforms implemented by the central government and how they affected the life of a common man. Note that these schemes have been implemented in the entire country without too much of an influence or no influence from state governments.
And since Missions like Swacch Bharat are extremely famous, we tried to discuss the lesser known policies and missions.
Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik (Need for the common man to fly) was introduced by Modi government last month as a scheme to provide air tickets at a cost as minimal as Rs. 2500 for journeys under two hours as well as connecting 50 more local airports with the mainstream ones.
This scheme can be considered as one of the first steps to convert air travel affordable since it is still a luxury for poor and middle-class sections of the public. This scheme has also selected airports such as Kadapa and Nanded airports will also encourage to go for air travel.
Challenges: Though the ticket price of 2500 looks good, this is only for 50% of the tickets while the five airlines which have been selected for this scheme have already reported several issues which could only escalate the ticket prices in return. For example, in a 42-seater plane Air Alliance flight to Delhi-Simla, the authorities were only able to accept of 35 due to the high altitudes and runway issues in the small airport and the government was in a complex situation whether to compensate the airlines for the empty seats. There are many such issues which need to be solved for the smooth sailing of this scheme.
Making Aadhar mandatory
After the introduction of UID(Unique Identification) during the regime of the congress, the BJP government has increased the use of Aadhar Card among the citizens by making it mandatory for filing IT returns, opening of bank accounts, mobile connections etc. The main reason behind this is to increase the digital transactions in India while also bringing a single mode of authentication for the citizens on every level.
This has definitely helped in the reduction of PAN card frauds across the country as many of income tax bunkers have escaped from paying taxes using fake or non-existential PAN cards. This will also bring the headaches of filing tax returns at the end of every financial year, as your Aadhar/UID will contain all of your previous and current tax information, while also helping to reduce the amount of paper work that is filled by tax payers.
But some of the areas where the Aadhar has been made mandatory is just causing more problems than good. The move to make it mandatory for Mid-day meals is just depriving hungry poor kids in schools of the food every day as getting an Aadhar is a big task.
Farmer Crop Insurance
The scheme of providing insurance coverage by the government is an old by 32 years, but only 20% of the farmers were insured until 2013. But the Modi government introduced a new type of insurance policy called National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) which has helped the 20% of the farming community insured to almost 50% by 2017. The farmers had to pay only 2% of the premium and State and Central government would take care of the rest. In case of drought, floods, unseasonal rains and cyclones 25% of the farmer’s investment will be paid back.
The best aspects of this scheme was that it did not have any kind of premium caps, so irrespective of the premium amount paid, the farmer will get back his 25%. And it is no surprise that the amount of insurances have increased exponentially.
Despite paying premiums, the loan burden on the farmer is far more greater than what he gets on the insurance. Still our Telugu farmers are suffering huge losses due to the market prices of chilli and red gram crops. The other biggest issue is that the state governments are not okay with the premium payments they have to make alongside central government. The central government will have to unite all the state governments in order to improve the living standard of our farmers.
Increasing The Maternity Leave For Women
This was a revolutionary step taken by the government as it increased the Paid Maternity Leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks for women working in the private sector. This made India one of the the 16 countries across the world for having the longest paid leave for new mothers.
While this will help the mothers to give the extra care to their new borns after the delivery, the private sector is irked with these reforms. This might also affect the recruitment of women, who are currently the backbone of the hiring businesses, in the private companies. Though there has been no real trend of this, it remains as a challenge for the private sector.
On November 8, 2016 was a turning point in India’s history as our Prime Minister declared that old Rs. 500 and 1000 notes will no longer be valid and the introduction of new Rs. 500 and 2000 notes will happen. As a result we had to experience most of our time being spent in ATM queues and in banks and also some shocking incidents of sacks of old notes being dumped on roads.
This has split the Indian population and also experts in half. Small and medium scale industries along with rural areas which totally run on cash were hit very badly. Some even suggested that our economy will also collapse. Surprisingly enough, the demonetization has resulted in a 300% of digital transactions while helping the IT department to detect amount of Rs 5400 crores which was previously undetected. This has clearly boosted the image of the BJP government as a fighter against corruption, tax evasion and black money. On the flip side, the common man struggled due to “No Cash” boards outside ATMs.
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