We have always seen so far about the villages that existed. There are villages that grew strong and prosperous, villages which became a part of the Indian history and the villages that were spoken of in stories to generations after generations. Ever wondered how were the villages formed? What ceremonies took place before a village was constructed? What did the wise men of the elderly community do to set up a village? It was all answered by a certain old man from Kurnool who told this story to H. Whitefield with an intention to help him in his religious and tribal research work in South India. This old man had been told the story by his father back in the day. So let’s retrospect a formation of a new village.
First of all the location for setting up a village is decided. Usually this is close to a river or a lake and other natural resources. This location is picked on the basis of the soil fertility as well. Regardless of all this it is called “an auspicious place.” Of course this all must happen on auspicious day and at an auspicious time. Once all the auspicious part of the ceremony is taken care of, then in the center of the site is dug a large hole, in which are placed different kinds of items like grain, small pieces of five metals (panchadhatu) viz. gold, silver, copper, iron and lead. A large stone called boddu rayee is taken and fixed on top of it. This somewhat reminds me of the concept of Bhoomi pujan. This stone stands three and half feet above the ground.
Then another site is found at the entrance of the village. Before I move on to that let me warn ahead that the part of the story that follows is not for the weak hearts. It may sound gory and bizarre, but it is what is it and I don’t like telling a tale that is manipulative and false. So, at this other site a hole is again dug. A pig is buried in this hole alive. Sometimes the pig is buried only neck deep and the cattle are driven over the pig. This custom was once recorded to be observed during the time of the British in the village of Gudivada, near Masulipatnam, coastal Andhra.
Question is, why the pig? What made pig so important? The answer was given by several cultures outside India at once. Pig was sacred to the deities of agriculture in ancient Greece and many other ancient civilizations. Also a pig is a symbol of fertility and disease free living. However, a certain tribe called Lambadis, according to Mr. Whitefield’s record used to place a child in the hole, buried up to his shoulders and then make the cattle run over it. Popularly in ancient Andhra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and many other part of North India, it was a common belief that nothing auspicious can happen without a human sacrifice. This is why people sometimes were sacred to live in a place where tank or a bridge was about to be construction, because that would mean a human sacrifice. If you guys have been following good, then the same was in the case of Golla Bhama of Atmakur, but in her case, she volunteered for it.
Let’s go back to hunting the boddu rayee’s in the center of the village and check the truth behind this story?
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